What is the basic concept of an appeal?
An appeal is a request for a higher court to review the decision reached by a lower court. Many states have trial courts as the lowest level of courts and then appellate courts. After the appellate court, there is a higher court, which may be called the state’s supreme court or another name. An appeal asks the higher court to review the decision reached by the lower court because of the existence of some error in law, not just because the party did not like the outcome. Typically, the appellant (the party appealing the decision) must point to an error the lower court made and establish how this error caused the wrong outcome.
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